The Gl├╝ckstal colonies were situated along a major military route between Balta and Tiraspol. Villagers along this route provided food and lodging for troops passing through as Russia expanded its territory in the southwest during the 19th Century. In its conflicts with Turkey, Russia acquired the Dniester Region in 1791, Bessarabia in 1812, and the Danube Delta in 1829. It lost the Danube Delta and southern Bessarabia in 1856, but then regained southern Bessarabia in 1878. Cartography by James Klein.